Environmental Law

  • This Subject Area Index lists all CALI lessons covering Environmental Law.
  • The Environmental Law Outline allows you to search for terms of art that correspond to topics you are studying to find suggestions for related CALI Lessons.

Environmental Law

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NEPA Basics

This exercise reviews the basic structure and requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act, the first major federal environmental law.

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RCRA Hazardous Wastes

This is an overview of the ways in which wastes become designated as "hazardous wastes" under the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), emphasizing the EPA's regulations governing RCRA hazardous wastes. Students should complete the lesson on RCRA "Solid Wastes" before completing this lesson.

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RCRA Solid Wastes

The federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) regulates hazardous wastes from "cradle to grave." However, RCRA's regulatory provisions apply only to "solid wastes."

This short lesson explores the definition of "solid waste" for RCRA purposes. The lesson does not require any prior knowledge of RCRA, but it can also serve as a review of RCRA's primary trigger after that topic has been covered in an Environmental Law or Hazardous Waste course.

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Regulatory Taking Issues in Environmental Law

This lesson introduces students to one of the constitutional issues that can arise as a result of environmental and natural resources regulation: regulatory takings under the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. It begins by giving students an overview of regulatory taking claims, their distinction from physical takings of private property, and some of the rules that apply in evaluating whether a regulatory taking has occurred.

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Regulatory Takings

This lesson was written as a review of the material covered in Chapter 11 of the CALI e-book Wetlands Law: A Course Source. The lesson reviews the regulatory takings challenges that may be raised when a wetlands permit is denied or the government imposes conditions on the permit.

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The Science of Wetlands

This lesson was written as a review of the material covered in Chapter 1 of the CALI e-book, Wetlands Law: A Course Source. The lesson reviews some basic wetlands science, including the values and functions of wetlands, types of wetlands, and wetland delineation methodology.

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Section 404 Permits

This lesson was written as a review of the material covered in Part 2 of Chapter 6 of the CALI e-book, Wetlands Law: A Course Source. The lesson reviews the procedures for the issuance of individual Section 404 permits and the application of the Clean Water Act section 404(b)(1) guidelines.

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States Roles in Wetland Protection Under the Clean Water Act

This lesson was written as a review of the material covered in Chapter 9 of the CALI e-book Wetlands Law: A Course Source. The lesson reviews the federal/state relationship in wetlands regulation under the Clean Water Act, with a focus on state programs, state programmatic general permits, state assumption of the Section 404 permitting program and the use of the Clean Water Act Section 401 certification program as a tool to protect wetlands.

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Statutory Interpretation

This lesson introduces the student to the doctrine and processes involved in interpreting state and federal statutes. Statutes are a critical part of every substantive area of the law, so this is important background for every student, legal professional, lawyer and judge.

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Superfund Basics

This exercise provides a review of the liability scheme and defenses under CERCLA and briefly reviews the CERCLA cleanup process. The exercise begins when EPA discovers phenol contamination in drinking water wells of several residents of Springfield, Ames. Through a series of multiple choice questions, the student helps EPA choose a response action, identify potentially responsible parties, and decide which liable parties the agency should sue, for what damages, and under what authority.

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TSCA Basics

This lesson reviews the basic regulatory framework of the federal Toxic Substances Control Act. The lesson can serve either as a review of the statute or as an introduction to it.

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